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Department of Premier and Cabinet

Estimated social exclusion risk factors in Tasmania


Number (rounded)

Reference year

Poverty and financial hardship


People living below the poverty line [1]

75 300


Households with government pensions and allowances as the main source of income [2]

67 900


People accessing emergency relief services [3] 

28 000


Exclusion from housing


People who are homeless [4]

1 600


People waiting for public housing [5]

2 300


Exclusion from jobs and skills


People at lowest literacy skill level (aged 15 to 64 years) [6]

45 400


People whose highest year of schooling is Year 10 (aged 15 to 64 years) [7]106 0002011

Per cent of school leavers not    fully engaged in education and/or employment (aged 15-19 years) [8]



People who are long term unemployed [9]

4 600


People who are employed part-time [10]

76 400


Couple families with both partners unemployed [11]

25 300


Locational disadvantage, service and transport exclusion


People living in disadvantaged areas
(as identified by ABS Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative    Socio-Economic Disadvantage) [12]

83 100


People who have transport/distance difficulties in accessing service providers [13]

17 000


People living with a disability whose need for assistance was only partly met [14]

20 100


Households that do not have access to the internet [15]

50 500


Risk behaviours


People who are alcohol drinkers with a lifetime risk status (aged 14 years and over) [16]

81 000


People who used illicit drugs (aged 14 years and over) [17]

50 000


Sources for table

[1] The poverty line is  a type of income poverty. The measure is half  of the medianof Australia's equivalised disposable (after-tax) income.  Households below this can be considered as in income poverty. To account  for differences in household size and structure the Australian Bureau of  Statistics (ABS) equivalisesincomes  using the OECD's equivalence scale. Equivalising of income is performed on households  of more than one person to make their financial capability comparable to a  single person household, recognising that additional persons in a household  benefit from economies of scale in their consumption of and goods and services  and do not have the same costs as a single per-person household. 75 300  people is 15.1 per cent of persons.
Calculated from NATSEM data provided in Poverty, Social Exclusion and Disadvantage  in Australia, Report prepared for UnitingCare Children, Young People and  Families and population total from Household  Income and Income Distribution, Australia – Detailed tables 2011–12, ABS,  Cat. No. 6523.0


[2]  67 900 households is 32.7 per cent of  households. Calculated from total estimated household number of  207 000, from Household Income and Income  Distribution, Australia – Detailed tables 2011–12,  ABS, Cat. No. 6523.0


[3] Calculated  from combined Australian Government and Tasmanian Government funded emergency  relief services.


[4] Under the ABS definition, a person  is homeless if they do not have suitable accommodation alternatives and their  current living arrangement: is in a dwelling that is inadequate, or has no  tenure, or if their initial tenure is short and not extendable, or does not  allow them to have control of, and access to space for social relations.
1 600 persons is 31.9 persons per 10 000 of  the population.
Census of Population and Housing: Estimating Homelessness 2011, ABS, Cat. No. 2049.0


[5] The total number of people  waiting for public housing in Tasmania as at 30 June 2013.
Your  Health and Human Services Progress  Chart, Department of Health and Human Services, 2013


[6] People  aged 15-64 years who are at, or below, Level 1 in literacy under the Programme  for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies.Below Level 1 (lower than a score of 176): "Tasks  at this level require the respondents to carry out simple processes such as  counting, sorting, performing basic arithmetic operations with whole numbers or  money, or recognising common spatial representations in concrete, familiar  contexts where the mathematical content is explicit with little or no text or  distractors".
Level 1 (176 to 225): "Tasks at this level  require the respondent to carry out basic mathematical processes in common,  concrete contexts where the mathematical content is explicit with little text  and minimal distractors. Tasks usually require one-step or simple processes involving  counting, sorting, performing basic arithmetic operations, understanding simple  per cents such as 50%, and locating and identifying elements of simple or  common graphical or spatial representations".
Programme  for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, Australia 2011–12, ABS,  Cat. No. 4228.0


[7] 106 000 persons  is 35 per cent of  persons aged 15-64 years who are no longer attending school.
Calculated from total  number of 305 477, from Census of Population and Housing: Basic  Community Profile 2011, ABS, Cat. No. 2001.0


[8] Of all school  leavers aged 15-19 years. Australian  Social Trends, Data Cube - Education and Training 1997-2011,  ABS, Cat. No. 4102.0


[9] Under the ABS definition, a person is long term unemployed if  they have been unemployed for 52 consecutive weeks or longer. 4 600 people is 1.8  per cent of the total population. Labour  Force, Detailed 2013, ABS, Cat. No. 6291.0


[10] 76 400  people is 19 per cent of people aged 15 years and over. Census of  Population and Housing: Basic Community Profile 2011, ABS, Cat. No. 2001.0


[11] Under the ABS definition, a  couple family is "identified by the existence of a couple relationship. A  couple relationship is defined as two people usually residing in the same  household who share a social, economic and emotional bond usually associated  with marriage and who consider their relationship to be a marriage or  marriage-like union. A couple family can be with or without children, and may  or may not include other related individuals." 25 300  couple families is 23.1 per cent of all couple families in Tasmania.
Census  of Population and Housing: Quick Stats 2011, ABS, Cat. No. 2001.0


[12] The number of people in Tasmania  living in the 10 per cent most disadvantaged areas, relative to the  socio-economic disadvantage of Australia as a whole. 83 100 people is  17 per cent of the Tasmanian population. Calculated  from Census of Population and Housing:  Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), Australia 2011, ABS, Cat. No.  2033.0.55.001


[13] Calculated  from General Social Survey, Tasmania 2010, ABS, Cat. No. 4159.0.55.003


[14] Results from the 2009 Survey  of Disability, Ageing and Carers conducted throughout Australia from April  to December 2009. Includes people who have a specific restriction  or limitation ranging from profound, severe, moderate and mild limitations for  core activities such as communication, mobility and self-care.


[15] 50 500  households is 26.2 per cent of all households. Census of Population and Housing: Basic  Community Profile 2011, ABS, Cat. No.  2001.0


[16] This  refers to people aged 14 years and over defined as at accumulated risk from  drinking either on many drinking occasions, or on a regular (for example,  daily) basis over a lifetime. The lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related  disease or injury increases with the amount consumed. The level of consumption  for people drinking at-risk is, on average, more than two standard drinks per  day. 81 000 persons is 19.4 per cent of Tasmanians aged 14 years and over. Calculated  from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Drug Strategy  Household Survey 2010, Drug Statistics Series, No 25. and the Australian  Demographic Statistics, Estimated Resident Population By Single Year Of Age,  Tasmania 2010, ABS, Cat. No. 3101.0


[17] 50 000 people, or  12 per cent of Tasmanians, aged 14 and over  reported that they had used an illicit drug sometime during the last 12 months  (survey period was from April – September 2010). Illicit drugs (drugs and volatile  substances used illicitly, and pharmaceuticals used for non-medical purposes)  include: pain-killers/analgesics, tranquillisers/sleeping pills, steroids,  meth/amphetamines, cannabis, heroin, Methadone or buprenorphine, other opiates  (opioids), cocaine, hallucinogens, ecstasy, ketamine, GHB, inhalants and (any)  injected drug. Calculated from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National  Drug Strategy Household Survey 2010, Drug Statistics Series, No 25. and the Australian  Demographic Statistics, Estimated Resident Population By Single Year Of Age,  Tasmania 2010, ABS, Cat. No. 3101.0