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Australian Institute of Criminology

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Welcome to the Australian Institute of Criminology

The Australian Institute of Criminology is Australia's national research and knowledge centre on crime and justice. We seek to promote justice and reduce crime by undertaking and communicating evidence-based research to inform policy and practice.

Latest publications

Armed robbery in Australia 2009–10: National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program Report no. 22

The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) has released the National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program (NARMP) report covering calendar years 2009-10

The report summarises key findings from information describing the 12,005 victims reported to police in Australia.

Nationally, armed robbery continues to decrease. In 2003, the rate of armed robbery victimisation was 33 persons per 100,000, whereas the rate was calculated at 18 persons per 100,000 in 2010.

In raw figures, victim numbers fell from 8,865 in 2003 to 5,713 in 2010 - a 36 percent decrease. The number of incidents in which these victims were involved has also decreased over time, with a 24 percent decrease from 6,640 robberies in 2006 to a low of 5,022 in 2010.

There are some trends that – although only involving small numbers – warrant monitoring in coming years, including:

  • armed robberies in licensed premises, which  increased by 20 percent from 309 in 2004, to 370 in 2010, and
  • a rise in the number incidents perpetrated by exclusively female offenders, increasing from 93 in 2004 to 130 in 2010.

Profiling parental child sex abuse

The Australian Institute of Criminology has released Profiling parental child sex abuse drawing on clinical records of 213 parents who committed sex offences with their children.

Because few sex offenders are caught, and there is a lack of specific data on parental child sex offenders, this paper provides insight into this offender cohort and helps inform clinical interventions.

Child sex abuse estimates in Australia are high with a meta-analysis estimating a 38% rate for female victims and 13%  for male, while the ABS has a more conservative estimate of 15% of the general population, with a 20% victimisation rate for females.

It is also estimated that 10-15%  of child sex offending is committed by a parent.

Most parental child sex offenders were men in a father–child relationship with their victim.

Through data from former Cedar House program in NSW, 213 parental sex offenders participated in an offenders diversion program and provided a profile of offender characteristics which researchers analysed.


Male victims of non-sexual and non-domestic violence: Service needs and experiences in court

While a great deal of research has been undertaken into female victims of violence, male-focused victimology research undertaken in Australia and internationally is scant. This means it is currently unclear what the support needs of male victims are and if these support needs are being met by the currently available services and programs.

The findings of this report derive from a study commissioned by the NSW Department of Attorney General and Justice Victims Services that sought to address this knowledge gap by exploring the experiences and support needs of male victims of violence (excluding sexual assault and domestic violence) living in New South Wales.

The study involved a comprehensive review of the currently available literature and interviews and focus groups with criminal justice and support service representatives who have contact with male victims of violence as part of their everyday work.


ID scanners in the night-time economy: Social sorting or social order?

Recently, mandatory digital identification scanning has emerged as a precondition of entry into many licensed venues throughout Australia.

This Trends and issues paper ID scanners in the night-time economy: Social sorting or social order? outlines a study undertaken in Geelong, Victoria, where mandatory patron ID scanning was introduced in 2007. The study set out to measure its effectiveness in reducing violence.

This study found limited empirical support for claims that alcohol-related assaults in and around Geelong’s late-night venues have declined since the introduction of ID scanners, as measured by reported assaults and emergency department admissions.

An increase in street assaults from July 2008 may indicate a displacement effect where the introduction of crime prevention measure in one area simply moves the commission of offences to another area, however, this could not be investigated in this study.


Organised crime and public sector corruption

A new report by the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) that uses recent corruption cases to analyse how organised crime may target vulnerable public officials has been released.

As the Government tightens laws, and law enforcement aims to prevent organised crime, criminal organisations will adjust their tactics in order to continue their activities without detection. For example they may use information from social networking sites to target public officials and their families which may lead to corrupt contact.

This report uses crime-script analysis to examine the ways they may target and corrupt public servants


New Report into the Methods and Motivations of Australian Human Traffickers

The AIC has released a report Human trafficking and slavery offenders in Australia examining the motivations and methods of 15 human traffickers convicted so far under Australian law.

The majority of convicted offenders in Australia have been women - of the nine trafficking schemes that have been successfully prosecuted, eight involved female offenders (with, in some cases, male co-offenders).

While practices of traffickers can make detection more difficult, understanding the nature and motivation of these groups will help in the long run to stamp out this crime.

ACFT scams survey 2014

Australasian Consumer Fraud Taskforce

Have you been the victim of a scam, received scam invitations or want to help research about scams? Do you live in Australia or New Zealand? Then spend ten minutes completing the Australian Institute of Criminology’s ACFT Scam Survey!

Each year the Australasian Consumer Fraud Taskforce (ACFT) gathers information on scams to help improve the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of scam offenders.

To assist in gathering that information the Australian Institute of Criminology, a taskforce member, runs an online survey each year. Participation in the survey is voluntary and anonymous, and you only need to complete the survey once. All responses are treated in confidence. The survey and further information can be found on this page: Australasian Consumer Fraud Taskforce Survey 2014

The survey will be available to completed after 1 January 2014 and will be open till the 31 March 2014.

Events

Homicide: Precursors and Prevention

24 & 25 March 2014, Royal on the Park Hotel, Brisbane

Presented by Griffith University Violence Research and Prevention Program In collaboration with the Australian Institute of Criminology.


Crime Prevention and Communities: Building Better Local Solutions

conference logo


10-11 June 2014, Melbourne Convention Centre

The Australian Institute of Criminology and the Victorian Department of Justice are hosting Australia’s 2nd major Crime Prevention and Communities conference, in collaboration with Victoria Police. This important conference, Building Better Local Solutions, will inform local government, urban planners, policy makers, police, criminologists, non-government community organisations, researchers and students


13th Australasian Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect

logo, Australasian Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect

10-13 November 2013, Pullman Melbourne Albert Park

Organised by the Australian Institute of Criminology, the Conference was held in Melbourne, Australia from the 10th to 13th of November 2013. The theme, Protecting children: New solutions to old problems, reflects the need to innovate and to enhance responses to key policy and practice issues across the sectors involved in preventing and managing child abuse and neglect.

Presentations from the 2013 ACCAN conference are now available: http://aic.gov.au/events/aic upcoming events/2013/accan.html

Videos of Keynote presentations are available on CriminologyTV

SCAM

SCAM ALERT

Criminals are running a scam where they try to impersonate “staff” of the AIC during telephone calls.

These calls are in regard to the home computers of the intended victims and are an attempt to defraud. Please hang up on any calls and report them to Scamwatch.

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